LITERARY LANGUAGE: COMPARISON OF IFEOMA OKOYE’S ‘MEN WITHOUT EARS AND AYI KWE AMA’S “THE BEAUTYFUL ONES ARE NOT YET BORN”

Introduction

It is very possible for two different writers to address similar issues of life in their writings though they are from different societal backgrounds, and it is also very possible that the two will use different approaches to address these similar problems Continue reading “LITERARY LANGUAGE: COMPARISON OF IFEOMA OKOYE’S ‘MEN WITHOUT EARS AND AYI KWE AMA’S “THE BEAUTYFUL ONES ARE NOT YET BORN””

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Hudson’s Sociolinguistics: Linguistics and Social Inequality

Linguistics and Social Inequality

According to Hudson, there are three types of linguistic inequality.

  1. Subjective Inequality, which concerns what people think about each other’s speech. Virtues are rated based on the individual’s ways of speaking. Language in this sense is used as a yard-stick to evaluate people’s intelligence, friendliness etc.
  2. Strictly Linguistic Inequality relates to the linguistic items that a person knows.
  3. Communicative Inequality. This is concern with knowledge of how to use linguistic items to communicate successfully, rather than simply with knowledge of linguistic items themselves.

Continue reading “Hudson’s Sociolinguistics: Linguistics and Social Inequality”

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Hudson’s Sociolinguistics: The Quantitative Study of Speech

Hudson says that quantitative studies of speech seem relevant to theoretical linguistics because they involve central areas like sounds, words-forms and constructions. He restricts the study to English (non-standard variety). It is concerned with form of words and constructions. Continue reading “Hudson’s Sociolinguistics: The Quantitative Study of Speech”

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Hudson’s Sociolinguistics: The structure of speech

Entries and exits

About entering and ending an interaction, Hudson explains that speech is structured, and it is composed of grammatical structures: sentences (short or long) like questions and answers. Greetings and farewells all offer the nearest example of structure in speech. Continue reading “Hudson’s Sociolinguistics: The structure of speech”

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Hudson’s Sociolinguistics: The social nature of speech

The social nature of speech

Speech plays different roles in social interaction like people shifting furniture would say: To… go… now up a lot… and so on. It can influence ones action or thought. Speech is used to establish social relations-in relation to Malinowski’s “phatic communication” Continue reading “Hudson’s Sociolinguistics: The social nature of speech”

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Hudson’s Sociolinguistic: Linguistic and cultural relativity

Semantic relativity

He discusses how far meanings may differ from variety to variety (concidering cultural relativism) and whether there are any connections between differences in meaning and differences in culture. Determinism is concerned with the influence of language on thought. With relativity, Continue reading “Hudson’s Sociolinguistic: Linguistic and cultural relativity”

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Hudson’s Sociolinguistics: Code-switching and Code-mixing

Mixture of Varieties

Code-switching

He says that code-switching exist in a multilingual community where a speaker can choose to use a language that fits a particular circumstance or better understood by the hearer. A particular language can be for church, school, or work. He calls this situational code-switching. Continue reading “Hudson’s Sociolinguistics: Code-switching and Code-mixing”

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HUDSON’S SOCIOLINGUISTICS Language and dialect

Language and dialect

Hudson tries to differentiate language from dialect but it turned out to be confusion as usual whether to consider it as a technical term or as untrained people see it. It could also be examined as part of a culture to make distinction between ‘languages’ and dialect’. Continue reading “HUDSON’S SOCIOLINGUISTICS Language and dialect”

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HUDSON’S SOCIOLINGUISTICS: Linguistic items

Global and specific statements

In this chapter Hudson examines the extent to which it is possible to describe the relation of language to society in terms of global linguistic categories such as languages and dialects and global social categories like communities. Continue reading “HUDSON’S SOCIOLINGUISTICS: Linguistic items”

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HUDSON’S SOCIOLINGUISTICS: SPEAKERS AND COMMUNITIES, AND THE LINGUISTIC DEVELOPMENT OF A CHILD

SPEAKERS AND COMMUNITIES

Conformity and individualism

In the discussion of sociolinguistics, it is important to put the individual in the centre. How individuals work and behave must be understood. Continue reading “HUDSON’S SOCIOLINGUISTICS: SPEAKERS AND COMMUNITIES, AND THE LINGUISTIC DEVELOPMENT OF A CHILD”

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Hudson’s Description of Sociolinguistic: a summary

Description of Sociolinguistic

Hudson defines Sociolinguistics as “the study of language in relation to society.” He says that Sociolinguistics is a recognised part of most language or linguistic courses at university level Continue reading “Hudson’s Description of Sociolinguistic: a summary”

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What do Sociolinguists do?: Janet Holmes Sociolinguistics

Sociolinguistics: a term that refers to the study of the relationship between language and society, and how language is used in multilingual speech communities. Continue reading “What do Sociolinguists do?: Janet Holmes Sociolinguistics”

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